The origins of this genre are oriental outline engravings. Lubok appeared in Europe in the 15th century, and in Russia in the 17th century. It gained popularity among peasants and city dwellers. Its authors were real masters of both epithets, illustration, and caricature. Vivid pictures with simple figures and simple, often humorous, captions are an example of the Russian folk artists’ product…
Modernism is a whole complex of changes and processes that took place in culture, art, literature, architecture in the second half of the 19th — the first half of the 20th century.
The so-called “aesthetic” movement arose in Great Britain in the middle of the 19th century to affect not only painting.
Art brut, or Outsider art
The term was coined by the French artist Jean Dubuffet for the works created by mentally ill people, the outsiders
Why was the Paris Salon so important, what were the Impressionists rebelling against, and where, besides France, were the academic talent pools?
The Snake to connect Alfons Mucha and Sarah Bernhardt
One of the finest and most famous works created by Alfons Mucha is a gold bracelet called Médée Snake. The snake wrapped around the ring wraps the wrist, and the snake's sting passes into the ring through a thin chain. For the first time the image of this bracelet appeared on the playbill for the Médée play. The actress liked it so much that she commissioned jeweller to create a snake bracelet and a ring embellished with gemstones for her to wear on stage. This bracelet shows that his creator was an artist, for the beautiful decoration has no practical application. After all, in the world, there is no such thin and elegant hand, on which it could be put on! The Médée Snake is called "jewelery of the century".